In the 20th century, the view that New Year’s Day is a time significant in the victory of order over disorder has been celebrated, for example, in areas influenced by Chinese religions. In religions and cultures that view time as cyclical—and this applies to most non-monotheistic religions and the cultures influenced by them—man understands his status in the cosmos, in part, through special times (e.g., New Year’s festivals) celebrating the victory of order in nature over chaos. This term has come to mean a day or period of special significance not only in religious calendars (e.g., the Christian Christmas and the Jewish Hanukkah) but also in the secular (e.g., May Day in Russia and Labor Day in the United States and Canada, both of which holidays celebrate especially the accomplishments of the working class). A religious festival is a time of special importance marked by adherents to that religion. Feriae privatae were holidays celebrated in honor of private individuals or by families. Important festivals include Paryushan, Mahavir Janma Kalyanak and Diwali. A celebration of interfaith dialogue, the first Festival of Faiths was held in Louisville Kentucky, and in 1998, Senator Wendell Ford passed a resolution in the United States Congress “to express the sense of the Senate that the Louisville Festival of Faiths should be commended and should serve as model for similar festivals in other communities throughout the United States.” Several cities throughout the United States now host interfaith festivals including Kansas City, Kansas , St Louis, Missouri , Indianapolis, Indiana  and Cincinnati, Ohio. Fasting, the opposite of feasting, has often been associated with purification rites or as a preparatory discipline for the celebration of feasts and associated rites. A religious festival is a time of special importance marked by adherents to that religion. The central festival of Christianity is Easter, on which Christians celebrate their belief that Jesus Christ rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion. He dressed himself in women's clothing and got himself into Caesar's house at a time when a religious festival was in process which only women could attend. Even when the feasts or festivals have lost their original meanings in doctrinal or mythological explanations, the symbols preserved in the rites, ceremonies, and arts (e.g., pictorial, dramatic, or choreographic) have enabled persons in periods of crisis or transition to preserve an equanimity despite apparent evidences of disintegration within their cultures or societies. In modern times, however, vacations (derived from the term dies vacantes) are periods of rest, renewal, or recreation that may be sacred or secular holidays—or simply periods of time away from everyday work allowed by modern business or labour practices. All different religious festivals bring the same message of love, tolerance and understanding. Games (ludi), such as the Ludi Apollinares, were often dedicated to particular deities, but were not technically feriae, although they might be holidays in the modern sense of days off work (dies festi).  Among major festivals are Diwali, Gudi Padwa, Pongal, Holi, Ganesh Chaturthi, Raksha Bhandan, Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara or Dussehra, which may refer to the ten days of Sharada Navratri or the tenth day, Vijayadashami. According to the views of Confucius (6th–5th centuries bc) and Mencius (4th–3rd centuries bc), two of China’s great religious teachers, whose social and ethical influences have extended into the 20th century, a solar eclipse during the New Year’s festival is a sign of a coming disaster and of a lack of favour by Shang Ti, the Heavenly Lord, who sends omens to indicate his disapproval of man’s evil activities. The modern practice of vacations—i.e., periods in which persons are “renewed” or participate in activities of “recreation”—is derived from the ancient Roman religious calendar in a reverse fashion. Because such days or periods generally originated in religious celebrations or ritual commemorations that usually included sacred community meals, they are called feasts or festivals. According to Mircea Eliade, a Romanian-American historian of religion, festival time is sacred; i.e., it participates in the transcendent (or supernatural) realm in which the patterns of man’s religious, social, or cultural institutions and activities were or are established. There had been a religious festival and procession earlier in the day, and these were worshippers and revellers returning to the outlying villages around Avaris.
The festival of the Resurrection, or Easter, is ritually re-enacted every year in order that the believer may participate in the present and future kingdom of peace. Read here to … Information and translations of religious festival in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Because it ends with June, less is known about Roman festivals in the second half of the year, with the exception of the Saturnalia, a religious festival in honor of Saturn on December 17 that expanded with celebrations through December 23. A religious festival is a time of special importance marked by adherents to that religion.Religious festivals are commonly celebrated on recurring cycles in a calendar year or lunar calendar.Hundreds of very different religious festivals are held around the world each year. Festivals often include not only feasting but also dramatic dancing and athletic events, as well as revelries and carnivals that at times border on the licentious. Similarly, the Christian understands his status as a member of the “new people of God.” He believes that he has been chosen by Christ, who was crucified and resurrected by God in the 1st century ad, to work for the Kingdom of God that was inaugurated in the first advent of Christ and will be consummated at the Parousia, the Second Coming of Christ as king and judge.  On calendars of the Republic and early Empire, the religious status of days were marked by letters such as F (for fastus, when it was religiously permissible to conduct legal business), C (for comitialis), a day on which the Roman people could hold assemblies), and N (for nefastus, when political activities and the administration of justice were prohibited).
Some are dedicated to important events in Hindu mythology. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.
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