West Central Africa, by far the largest supplier of slaves to the Americas, experienced two diasporas. Oxford Handbooks Online is a collection of over 1,000 handbooks from across many different subject areas, containing in-depth, high-level articles by scholars at the top of their field. The book is organized into eight sections, beginning with a review of the conceptual framework. 0000112976 00000 n Wide-ranging in its scope, themes, language, and approaches, this volume explores, examines, and assesses economic thinking on Africa, and Africa's contribution to the discipline. It does so by tracing the historical evolution of African American experiences, from the dawn of Reconstruction onward, through the perspectives of sociology, political science, law, economics, education, and psychology. Generational identity underpinned a revolt against authority, leading to acute political crises in France, Italy, and elsewhere. 0000005065 00000 n This title is part of the the Oxford Twenty-First Century Approaches to Literature series, edited by Paul Strohm. Mindaugo str. It redraws historical categories and offers a fresh perspective on historical temporality by challenging the stereotypes that might encourage any iconographic division between medieval and Renaissance modes of thinking. This article explores the impact of de-Stalinization on the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and China. On epidemiological grounds alone the Americas would be the choice of most scholars, with Europe, at least prior to the eighteenth century, the least affected. This article begins by discussing the early cities in Africa. Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). Specially commissioned essays from leading figures in the discipline give critical examinations of the progress and direction of debates, as well as a foundation for future research. © Oxford University Press, 2018. The transatlantic slave trade peaked in the third quarter of the eighteenth century, when more than 80,000 slaves annually were being shipped from Africa for the Americas. However, towns have a long history in parts of Africa. 0000005594 00000 n Mao took advantage of Khrushchev’s predicament to assert China’s claim to leadership in the communist world. Further Reading brings together thirty commissioned essays drawing on approaches as different as formalism, historicism, neuroscience, disability, and computation. Archaeology, Business and Management, Classical Studies, Criminology and Criminal Justice, Economics and Finance, History, Law, Linguistics, Literature Music, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Physical Sciences, Political Science, Psychology, Religion, Sociology. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished ... Adam Smith (1723–90) is best known as the author of the (1776). date: 10 October 2020 Given the large causal network involved in adolescent substance use and abuse as well as its powerful impact, both at the time of use and in terms of the long term outcomes and complications of use, the domains covered by this volume range from infancy to adulthood, and from molecular genetics to social policy. This article explores how the social dynamics of consumer demand in Africa were shaped by, and gave shape to, larger social, economic, and political relationships from the sixteenth to the early twentieth century. Bantu Lexical Reconstruction Page 2 of 31 PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). Phone: +370 5 2080409 Virtue Ethics Page 2 of 24 PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). Our contributors include both established and emerging scholars of the literature and culture of the period. This title is part of the the Oxford Twenty-First Century Approaches to Literature series, edited by Paul Strohm. Writers, artists, and intellectuals welcomed the curtailment of repression—the so- called ‘thaw’—but their calls for openness and tolerance unnerved the Soviet party authorities. Cultural issues are also discussed. By contrast, Maoism was able to capture the revolutionary, anti-imperialist spirit of the times. Around 1968 communism expanded as a global movement, especially in the developing world, while hitting a crisis of legitimation in Europe. �@U3 This text seeks to answer the question of what the United States would look like today if, at the end of the Civil War, freed slaves had been granted full political, social, and economic rights. © Oxford University Press, 2018. It explains that while Africa is the least-known Cold War battleground, the United States, the Soviet Union, China, and Cuba became embroiled in the internal affairs of countless African countries. The Oxford Handbook of Advice provides a broad perspective on how advice succeeds and fails, systematically reviewing and synthesizing theory and research on advice from multiple disciplines, such as communication, psychology, applied linguistics, business, law, and medicine. This volume highlights theoretical, methodological, and applied research on the study of acculturation in an effort to connect fundamental principles of acculturation theories with research linking these theories to health outcomes. Topics covered include normal cognitive and brain aging, the impact of medical disorders (e.g., cardiovascular, liver, pulmonary) and psychiatric illnesses (e.g., depression and bipolar disorder) on cognitive function, adult neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g., Down Syndrome, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder), as well as the various neurological conditions (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, concussion). It explains why a developmental framework is essential in understanding the adolescent period and goes on to discuss the epidemiology of substance use and abuse. © Oxford University Press, 2018. The set of analyses and reflections presented here try to endow each subject with depth and discovery. © Oxford University Press, 2018. Cultural Reformations: Medieval and Renaissance in Literary History, The New Oxford Handbook of Economic Geography, The Oxford Handbook of Acculturation and Health, The Oxford Handbook of Accurate Personality Judgment, The Oxford Handbook of Adaptation Studies, The Oxford Handbook of Adolescent Substance Abuse, The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders, The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing, The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics: Volume 2: Policies and Practices, The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics: Volume 1: Context and Concepts, The Oxford Handbook of African American Citizenship, 1865-Present, The Oxford Handbook of African American Islam. Inquiries into commodification, social distinction, and fashion have offered fresh perspectives on social relations and cultural formations in Africa. Though the study of war origins starts with Hitler, his policies were decisively shaped by the actions of others and the instability of an international system, heavily impacted by the Great Depression and ideology. As other disciplines challenge literary criticism’s authority to answer this question, English professors themselves are defining new alternatives to close reading and to interpretation more generally. Section 3 focuses on aspects of affect generation, including the synthesis of emotion and its expression via facial features, speech, postures, and gestures. The volume explores and exploits an understanding of the late 19th to the early 20th centuries as a cultural moment in which new knowledges were forming with particular speed and intensity. By the end of the third quarter of the eighteenth century, the transatlantic slave trade was close to the highest level it was ever to attain. 141 0 obj <>stream The Handbook is concerned with theories and perspectives that are relevant to economic geography today. 0000129282 00000 n It offers a collection of analyses by some of the leading economists and development thinkers of our time, and reflects a wide range of perspectives and viewpoints—even on the same topic. Learn more about these useful resources on our COVID-19 page. It looks at general conditions of textual production and reception, and explores how medieval processes of textual transmission have affected the reception and interpretation of medieval literature. This chapter provides an analytical framework for interpreting the history of tyrannicide in ancient Greece. Writers, artists, and intellectuals welcomed the curtailment of repression—the so- ... Around 1968 communism expanded as a global movement, especially in the developing world, while hitting a crisis of legitimation in Europe. The book is split into eight parts, providing comprehensive coverage of the following themes: Grounded in Place; Conceptual Foundations; Innovation; The Firm; Work; Finance; Resources and the Environment; and Strategies for Development. Digital video recording started playing a pivotal role in practices of oral history by the twentieth century. This handbook (the first of two volumes) opens up the diverse acuity of commentary on exciting topics, and in the process challenges and stimulates the quest for knowledge. The New Oxford Handbook of Economic Geography is the most comprehensive and significant statement about the value and potential of economic geography in 2017. H��T�N�0��W̲]�k�q��D$W�t�EU�R�$. The book is organized into nine sections: Histories, Spatialities, Doctrines, Legalities, Outside the Law, Literature, Communities, Labor, and Selfhood. Over the course of thirty-four articles, written by scholars of African American studies and across every major social discipline, the book presents a portrait of the particular hurdles faced by African Americans. ڂ��l�1bq���C@��*P��[1M�d��S��!G���e+�8��A*�`�"�����p*X�ϣ�l��"BAR;�t���x(9��u� � ��b�`���bҀ�2��� Networks, Shocks, and Systemic Risk Page 2 of 39 PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). This was a time of acute uncertainty and fear, during which the Soviet Union and international communist movement faced unprecedented challenges. This collection of forty original essays reflects on the history of adaptation studies, surveys the current state of the field, and maps out possible futures that mobilize its unparalleled ability to bring together theorists and practitioners in different modes of discourse.
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