12 Famous Philosophers and Their Guiding Principles Raphael, "School of Athens" (detail of Plato and Aristotle), 1509-1511. If you don't have enough time for the hours of philosophy lectures presented above, perhaps this can get you started! Stanza della Segnatura, Palazzi Pontifici, Vatican. Verify you're ready by completing the Famous Philosophers chapter exam. Nietzsche's philosophies are fairly complex and tend to be misunderstood. The ‘Internet as a medium’ is a subject that is, in my opinion, under-theorized. This lesson focuses on ''The Myth of Sisyphus,'' an essay written by philosopher Albert Camus in 1942. - are able to tell us about the problem of evil. Sisyphus is doomed to push a rock up a hill in the Underworld for all eternity as punishment for attachment to the pleasures of earthly life. The one that is perhaps misused the most often in his idea of the ubermensch. What My Dog Can Tell Us About The Problem of Evil. In this video lecture, Professor Smith of Yale University tackles the question "What is political philosophy?" Here he delivers three lectures on existentialists. #2 Wes Cecil’s ‘Life and Philosophy…’ Lectures Wes Cecil is another favorite of mine when it comes to introductory philosophy courses. More great news! This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you learn the essentials of famous philosophers. But, regardless of (what I perceive to be) a lack of rigorous theoretical positions on the Internet, what I see as ultimately beneficial is the capacity for users of the Internet to challenge and, in some cases, break the structures which have historically kept high-level academic work out of the hands of individuals without the cultural or literal capital to pay for it. This lesson will discuss Karl Marx's view of how religion is an 'opiate for the people' and perpetuates social inequality. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas. In this lesson, you'll learn how the work of Sigmund Freud transformed the field of psychology and profoundly influenced both scientific and popular ideas about human consciousness and human motivation. This lesson will summarize the three essays that constitute Friedrich Nietzsche's book ~'On the Genealogy of Morals.~' The most significant ideas in each essay will be explained and contextualized within the larger context of Nietzsche's thought. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Services, Who is Plato? It will discuss how Karl Marx believed that religion was a way for the poor to accept their poverty and for the wealthy to control the poor. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. But no matter your level of theoretical education or understanding, consider giving some of these lectures a try; they are insightful, interesting, and definitely worth a listen! 1:00 PM, Post a Comment This talk explore questions common to political philosophy, such as "What political system is the best?" The Famous Philosophers chapter of this Important People in World History Study Guide course is the simplest way to master famous philosophers. 1 and 2” along with Harvey all the more interesting and fun. (Link) The European Graduate School (EGS) has a host of really fantastic theorists and philosophers including Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, Jean Baudrillard, Judith Butler, Hélène Cixous, Simon Critchley, Bracha Ettinger, Michael Hardt, Jacques Rancière, Samuel Weber, Paul Virilio, Siegfried Zielinski, Slavoj Zizek and, believe it or not, many many more. - Philosophies, Ideas & Contributions, Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence, Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence, Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers, Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views, Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy, Baron De Montesquieu: Ideas, Accomplishments & Facts, Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Ideas, Impact & Works, Karl Marx on Religion: How Religion Affects Social Inequality, Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism, Friedrich Nietzsche: Biography, Theories & Philosophy, W.E.B. 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Ultimately, this lecture is an attempt to answer the question: "Is Morality Real, or Do We Make It Up?" We will look at Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Herophilos, Erasistratus and Eratosthenes. What I especially like about him is the fact that he treats major philosophers from many camps: analytic philosophy (Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell), pragmatism (William James), continental philosophy (Jacques Derrida, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Nietzsche), existentialism (Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beuvoir), and even christian mysticism (Simone Weil). Video of What My Dog Can Tell us About The Problem of Evil, Machine Learning & Artificial Intelligence, Ten Most Recent MIT World's Video Lectures, My Programming Blog - good coders code, great reuse. Bonus Video: The History of Western Philosophy in Under 5 Minutes. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Confucius is credited with many wise and moral sayings that ultimately led to a way of life where morality and wisdom are central themes. In this video, we are treated to a clever attempt to cover the history of Western Philosophy in just 5 minutes! I have selected a lecture by Deleuzian philosopher, Manuel De Landa, to start this list off for his capacity to unfold (or ‘make accessible’) Deleuzian concepts for the lay-person. Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes. In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam. Socratic philosophy, Platonic idealism and Aristotelian logic, Political philosophies of Hobbes and Locke, The intersection of religion and philosophy according to Rene Descartes, Marxist philosophy on social class and revolution, Double consciousness according to W.E.B. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy. In this lesson, we explore the life and philosophy of arguably the German Enlightenment's greatest philosopher, Immanuel Kant, and his theories concerning ethics. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal I linked my favorite lecture by him, but he has a lot of really interesting lectures on YouTube so make sure to check them out! (Please correct me, if I am wrong! In this video lecture, Professor Smith of Yale University tackles the question "What is political philosophy?" Robert C. Solomon is also worth checking out. You can test out of the first two years of college and save His extension and expansion of St Anselm's ontological argument is still held in high regard today by philosophers of all branches. Lucid and engaging, Daniel Dennett - arguably one of the most famous living philosophers of mind living today - steers through the evidence on the nature of free will in this lively 90 minute discussion. Their YouTube channel has over 1,000 lectures posted, even including some by visiting lecturers such as Jacques Derrida, John Waters, and Donna Haraway. His categorical imperative is still seen by many philosophers as a philosophically sound measure of discussing and establishing moral decisions. Cecil is a philosophy professor at Peninsula college and focuses on the biography and work of a different philosopher with each lecture. (Link) The lectures, filmed at Duke University in 1991, are, if nothing else, old. Aesthetics Seminar; Moral Philosophy Seminar; Philosophy of Mathematics Seminar In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. Paul Fry has a wonderful way of explaining even the most difficult schools of theory. Among those who would benefit are: This chapter helps students review the concepts in a famous philosophers unit of a standard world history course. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. In this list, I highlight some of the best critical theory and philosophy lectures freely available on the Internet and point to some other resources for the interested Will Hunting wanna-be.