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analysis of crime biological perspective

A sociologist has its own perception of looking at human behaviour. Instead, he believed that criminality is inherited, and he even developed a theory of deviance that argued a person’s bodily constitution indicates whether one is a born criminal. Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Their bodies are described as hourglass-shaped when they're female, or rectangular-shaped in males. Nineteenth-century Italian criminologist Cesare Lombroso rejected the idea that crime is a characteristic of human nature. Genevieve. He does not ignore personality traits but lays stress on learning and acquired aspects of behaviour. In developing his theory, Lombroso observed the physical characteristics of Italian prisoners and compared them to those of Italian soldiers. This person is sometimes called a "super male." Psychology Perspectives. This theory holds that criminals have an extra Y chromosome that gives them an XYY chromosomal makeup rather than an XY makeup. The physical characteristics he used to identify prisoners included an asymmetry of the face or head, large monkey-like ears, large lips, a twisted nose, excessive cheekbones, long arms, and excessive wrinkles on the skin. Their bodies are described as flat-chested, lean, lightly muscled, and small shouldered. William Sheldon was an American psychologist practicing in the early to mid-1900s. It does not leave room for the effect of environmental influences and life experiences on behavior. Biopsychologists study many of the same things that other psychologists do, but they are interested in looking at how biological forces shape human behaviors. Charles Darwin first proposed the idea that genetics and evolution both contribute to many human qualities including personality. Biological theories of deviance see crime and deviant behavior as a form of illness caused by distinct pathological factors. Lombroso also believed that tattoos are the markings of born criminals because they stand as evidence of both immortality and insensitivity to physical pain. Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. January 17, 2011, Cherry, Kendra. Biological research has helped yield useful treatments for a variety of psychological disorders. New York: Worth Publishers; 2011. This branch of psychology has grown tremendously in recent years and is linked to other areas of science including biology, neurology, and genetics.The biological perspective is essentially a way of looking at human problems and actions. By understanding the physiological basis of behavior, it is possible to treat behavior disorders with chemotherapy (drug intervention), or psychosurgery (more sophisticated versions of the lobotomy using MRI scans). Biological Perspective. 2012. This perspective also allows researchers to come up with new treatments that target the biological influences on psychological well-being. Or they might consider genetic factors that can contribute to such displays of behavior. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Sociological Explanations of Deviant Behavior, How Psychology Defines and Explains Deviant Behavior, Deviance Amplification and How the Media Perpetuates It, Sutherland's Differential Association Theory Explained, Understanding the Difference Between Race and Ethnicity. He determined that although the body and mind are separate, they do interact through the brain's pineal gland. Biological theories of deviance see crime and deviant behavior as a form of illness caused by distinct pathological factors. investigates how the nervous system and hormones work, determines how changes in structure and function of these systems may affect behavior, investigates which traits are inherited by offspring from their parents, investigates the mechanism of inheritance of traits in animals. What is the Biological Perspective? The Biological Perspective seeks to determine the psychological aspects of human behavior looking at evidence from genetic and neurological studies as well as studies of the immune system. Many biopsychologists have concentrated on abnormal behavior and have tried to explain it in physiological terms. There are various different approaches in contemporary psychology. The psychoanalytic perspective might view aggression as the result of childhood experiences and unconscious urges. One of the major debates in psychology has long centered over the relative contributions of nature versus nurture. Biology is defined as the study of life while psychology examines the human mind and its processes, especially those affecting behavior. Ectomorphs are thin and fragile. The Case for a Gendered Analysis of Violence Against Women 1. There are many different ways of thinking about topics in psychology. The biological perspective is a way of looking at psychological issues by studying the physical basis for animal and human behavior. They posit that criminals are born rather than made, meaning that one's genetic makeup is the top reason a person engages in deviant acts. Biological explanations, psychological reasons, and sociological factors have all been linked to such behavior, but three of the major biological explanations for deviancy have been discredited. Biological perspective links biology and psychology by focusing on the analysis of human behavior based on biological and physical evidence. Read our, Verywell Mind uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Lombroso declared that males with five or more of these characteristics could be marked as born criminals. 2007. it was simple n helped me in understanding the topic, thanks, i have always taken the biological school of thought as my main (while respecting other schools offcourse i would be very interested in your opinion about the future of the school as i personaly believe it will replace all the other schools, i appolgies for my bad english as i am not a native speaker, ps. It is based on animal and human genetics studies suggesting genes evolved over long periods of time. This "defect," in turn, leads to criminal behavior.​. Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. Those who take up the nurture side of the debate suggest that it is the environment that plays the greatest role in shaping behavior. McLeod, Saul. Consider an issue like aggression. A brief overview of some sociological perspectives on crime and deviance - from Functionalism through to Right Realism. Sex refers to the biological characteristics (anatomical and genetic) which distinguish the human species as male and female. This theory was developed by Charles Darwin who proposed the idea that random variations in organisms led to better reproductive success ensuring the passing on of these traits to subsequent generations.

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